Somaramam, Kotipalli, Andhra Pradesh, India

Deities: Somaramam (Shiva)
Location: Kotipalli village located in Gangavaram Mandal in East Godavari district of Andhra Pradesh, India.
Best time to visit: All year around
Known as: Five Pancharama Kshetrams, Somarama, Somaramam, Somaprabhapuram, Ramachandrapuram
Festival & Event: Mahashivaratri, Sarannavarathri

Somarama is one of the Pancharama Kshetras which is located in Ramachandrapuram Taluk in East Godavari District of Andhra Pradesh in South India. Lord Shiva is known as Someswara Swamy here. The temple is situated on the bank of Godavari River. The consort of Lord Someswara is Sri Raja Rajeswari Amma varu. The Shivalinga at this place is installed and established by Lord Chandra. Maha Shivaratri and Sarannavarathri are the main festivals celebrated at this temple.

Legend:
Kotipalli is located at a distance of 38 Km from Kakinada, 60 Km from Rajahmundry and 15 Km from Amalapuram (Via Ferry/Boat). Kotipalli is a famous pilgrimage center, which is situated on the Bank of River Godavari according to Brahmanda Puranam and Gowthami Mahatmya. Here three famous idols are situated by Lord Indra, Lord Chandra and Kashyapa Maharshi.

Siddhi Janardhan Swamy along with Sreedevi and Bhoodevi were established as Kshetra Palak by Kashyapa Maharshi. Lord Indra in order to wash out His sin He founded Koteswara Lingam along with Amma varu. Further Lord Chandra established Someswara Lingam with Raja Rajeswari Amma varu to wash out his sin.

The Holy River is very famous for its sacred water it was brought by Gowtham Maharshi. If any person take a bath in these Holy Water of Gowthami at Kotipalli will purify himself from all kinds of sins. It was written in Sri Gowthami Mahatmya. It is also known as Koti Teerth Kshetram as a number of water currents are flowing in these waters.

A holy dip in Gowthami waters at this Kshetram is very famous for the removal of sins completely. Here there is no difference between Lord Vishnu and Lord Siva. Koteswara Lingam is a Yoga Lingam, Someswara Lingam is a Bhoga Lingam. Raja Rajeswari Amma varu is famous for satisfying the wishes of Devotees.

Every day in the early hours Koti Theertham water is brought by Holy Archakas and Abhishekam is done with those waters. In the evening Dhupa Seva and Astana Pooja, Pavalimpu Seva will be celebrated with devotion. From times of in memorial Devotees are visiting these Holy Kshetram and worshipping the Lords with devotion. Janardhan Swamy Kshetra Palak is known as Siddhi Janardhan Swamy who grants wishes of the devotees.

Once upon a time it was called as Somaprabhapuram. There is a big water tank in front of the temple which is known as Soma Pushkarini. His Holiness Kanchi Kama Koti Peethadhipathi and his Holiness Shringeri Jagadguru visited this Holy Kshetram. In the premises of the temple there are 4 Pradakshina Mandapams, in the Northern Mandapam Kalabhairava Swamy temple and Shankaracharya Mandir along with Chandra Mouliswara Lingam, further Navagraha temple along with Uma Sametha Mrityunjaya Lingam are situated for benefit of Devotees.

This temple constitutes one of the five Pancharama Kshetrams in Andhra Pradesh.

1) Amareshwar / Amaravana
2) Draksharama
3) Kumararama at Kotipalli (Bhimaramam at Samalkot)
4) Ksheeraramam at Palakollu
5) Somaramam at Bhimavaram (Bhimeswara temples at Bhimeswara)

Attractions:
Lord Somaramam temple.

Festival & Event:
Magha Bahula Chaturdashi (Mahasivaratri) (Feb/Mar).
Sri Swami Vari Kalyanam (Visakha Suddha Ekadashi) (May).
Sarannavarathri festival (Aswayuja Suddha Padyami to Dwadashi) (October).
Ksheerabdi Dwadashi Teppotsavam during Kartika Masam (November).

How to reach:
by Road: Lord Somaramam temple at Kotipalli is near to Kakinada.
by Rail: Kakinada-Kotipalli Railway line lies between Kotipalli and neighbouring Kakinada.
by Air: Hyderabad

Where to stay:
Dowleswaram, Kakinada, Vijayawada

Destination Address:
Sri Someswara Swami Vari Devasthanam
Kotipalli
K.Ganagavaram Mandal (Pamarru Mandal) 533 306
East Godavari District
Andhra Pradesh
India.

Visit www.eTirth.com for more information on Temples, Ashrams, Gurus, Festival and Daily Panchangam (Hindu ephemeris).

If you love to read visit www.KathaVarta.org for Religious stories.

Last but not least, if you want to visit above Holy Pilgrimage, please contact and visit our associate partner www.YatraKhoj.com and e-mail at yatrakhoj@yahoo.com.
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Kumararama, Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh, India

Deities: Kumararama (Shiva)
Location: Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh
Best time to visit: All year around
Known as: Someswara or Kotipalli & Five Pancharama Kshetrams
Festival & Event: Mahasivaratri

Legend:
One of the five well known Pancharama shrines dedicated to Shiva in Andhra Pradesh.Koti Palli or Koti Theertham is located at confluence of the river Godavari with the sea. At the origin of the river is the Trimbakeshwar Jyotirlinga shrine in Maharashtra. The river Godavari is revered as one of the gifts of nature and is held in great regard both at its origin Trimbakeshwar and at its confluence with the ocean. Thus, worship at Someswara or Kotipalli is closely associated with a ritual bath in the river Godavari.

Shiva is worshipped here as Someswara or Koteeswara and Parvati as Rajarajeswara. The Mahasivaratri festival is celebrated in great splendour here. Legend has it that the moon God Chandra was cursed by Daksha to lose his brilliance and that he was relieved of his curse after he offered worship to Shiva at Koti Theertham at the mouth of the river Godavari. This legend is very similar to the one held at Somnath Jyotirlinga shrine in Gujarat. It should also be noted that Draksharama – one of the Pancharama shrines, is associated with the legend of the destruction of (the vain) Daksha’s ritual sacrifice.

For time immemorial it has been believed that a ritual bath in the river Godavari at Kotipalli is symbolic of a new beginning in life, a change in direction. Legends illustrating this symbolism have a common theme, that of forgiveness of heinous sins committed by repentant souls.

The most classic of these legends is that of Ahilya-Indra saapa vimochanam. This legend occurs in the grand epic Ramayana. Gautama believed to be one of the foremost Rishis of ancient India was married to Ahilya. Indra the king of the Devas lusted after Ahilya and using a ploy, diverted Gautama and assuming the disguise of Gautama led Ahilya in his embrace. An enraged Rishi cursed his wife who petrified into a rock immediately and was absolved of her curse by Rama (incarnation of Vishnu). Indra the king of Devas was cursed with a life of disease. Legend has it that he lived through his curse and performed severe penances (at the instance of Gautama Rishi) and finally was absolved of his curse and forgiven when his penance concluded with a ritual dip in the Godavari River at Someswara.

It is to be known that the one of the characters in this legend, i.e. Gautama Rishi is believed to have brought the river Godavari down to the earth at Trimbakeshwar where the Godavari is referred to as the Ganga.

There are several other local legends associated with Kotipalli, all based on the theme of forgiveness of sins of lust.

A ritual bath in the river is considered special in the month of Kartika, and on Mahasivaratri day earlier on in the calendar year.

It should be noted that Bhimavaram in West Godavari district also bears a temple dedicated to Someswara and it is also considered to be Somaramam. This temple is associated clearly with legends related to the moon God Soma. The temple tank here is known as Chandra Pushkarini. The Someswara lingam (crystal) is said to glow with differing levels of brightness depending on the phase of the moon. This Shivalingam is 5 feet in height and is housed in a two storeyed sanctum, with Annapurna – Parvati on the 2nd floor.

This temple constitutes one of the five Pancharama Kshetrams in Andhra Pradesh.

1) Amareshwar / Amaravana
2) Draksharama
3) Kumararama at Kotipalli (Bhimaramam at Samalkot)
4) Ksheeraramam at Palakollu
5) Somaramam at Bhimavaram (Bhimeswara temples at Bhimeswara)

Attractions:
Kumararama (Someswara) is rich in legend and tradition. This temple is of historic significance as it was patronized to a great deal by the Chalukyas.

How to reach:
By Road: Someswara or Kotipalli (Kumararama) is an important pilgrimage centre in coastal Andhra Pradesh, located near Rajahmundry. Located nearby is Draksharama, Andhra Pradesh.
By Rail: This holy place is connected with major railway track of India.
By Air: Hyderabad

Where to stay:
Vijayawada
.

Visit www.eTirth.com for more information on Temples, Ashrams, Gurus, Festival and Daily Panchangam (Hindu ephemeris).

If you love to read visit www.KathaVarta.org for Religious stories.

Last but not least, if you want to visit above Holy Pilgrimage, please contact and visit our associate partner www.YatraKhoj.com and e-mail at yatrakhoj@yahoo.com.
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Ksheeraramam, Narasapuram, Andhra Pradesh, India

Deities: Ksheeraramam (Shiva)
Location: Narasapuram, (West Godavari belt of) Andhra Pradesh
Best time to visit: All year around
Known as: Five Pancharama Kshetrams, Ksheerarama, Palakollu, Paalakollu
Festival & Event: Mahashivaratri, Brahmotsavam

Ksheerarama is one of the Pancharama Kshetras which is located in Palakollu near Narasapuram in West Godavari District of Andhra Pradesh in South India. Lord Shiva is known as Ksheera Ramalingeswara Swamy here. The Shivalinga at this place is installed and established by Lord Vishnu.

Palakollu (also called as Palakol or Palacole) is a coastal town in the state of Andhra Pradesh in India. It is an important trading town in West Godavari district and is in proximity with other trading towns such as Bhimavaram, Eluru, Tanuku and Narasapur. Palakol’s population is about 80,000 and is well recognized for its surrounding fertile lands. Both Telugu and English are spoken here.

Legend:
Legend has it that Upamanyu, the son of Kaushika muni requested Shiva that he be granted the desired quantity of milk for the performance of his daily rituals and that Shiva caused the Ksheera Pushkarini tank to overflow with milk from the mythical Ksheera Saagaram (the milky ocean). Hence the names Palakollu, Dugdapovanam and Ksheeraramam.

Legend has it that Shiva was worshipped by Rama at this shrine as in Rameswaram.

This is a large temple with a towering Rajagopuram. The white marble Shivalingam worshipped in the sanctum is referred to as Ramalingeswara Swami as well as Ksheerarameswaraswamy.

This temple constitutes one of the five Pancharama Kshetrams in Andhra Pradesh.

1) Amareshwar / Amaravana
2) Draksharama
3) Kumararama at Kotipalli (Bhimaramam at Samalkot)
4) Ksheeraramam at Palakollu
5) Somaramam at Bhimavaram (Bhimeswara temples at Bhimeswara)

Attractions:
Ksheera Rama Lingeshwara Swami Temple (A 15th century temple built for the Hindu God Shiva. It is one of the five Pancharamas). The temple has a unique white Shiva lingam and tower was considered as one of the tallest among the temple towers in Andhra Pradesh. This place is earlier called as “Ksheera Puri” based on this temple. Later called as “Pala Kolanu”, which all tries to convey the meaning of milk pond. Hearts of people here are as white as pure milk.

Ashtabhuga Lakshmi Narayana Swami Temple which is known for its traditions and festivities like Brahmotsavam draw large number of devotees from all over the town. Dhanurmasam is celebrated in the month of December in the remembrance of love of Andal for Lord Sri Krishna.

Festival & Event:
Mahashivaratri, Brahmotsavam in Dhanurmasam is celebrated in the month of December in the remembrance of love of Andal for Lord Sri Krishna.

How to reach:
by Road: Palakollu is located near Narasapuram in the West Godavari belt of Andhra Pradesh.
by Rail: This holy place is connected with major railway track of India.
by Air: HyderabadWhere to stay: Vijayawada

Visit www.eTirth.com for more information on Temples, Ashrams, Gurus, Festival and Daily Panchangam (Hindu ephemeris).

If you love to read visit www.KathaVarta.org for Religious stories.

Last but not least, if you want to visit above Holy Pilgrimage, please contact and visit our associate partner www.YatraKhoj.com and e-mail at yatrakhoj@yahoo.com.
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Amareshwar, Amaravati, Andhra Pradesh, India

Deities: Amareshwar (Shiva)
Location: Amravati, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh
Best time to visit: All year around
Known as: Five Pancharama Kshetrams, Amararama, Amareshwar, Amaravana,
Festival & Event: Mahashivaratri, Navaratri, Kalyana Utsava

Amararama is one of the Pancharama Kshetras which is located at Amaravati town near Guntur City in Andhra Pradesh in South India. Lord Shiva is known as Amareshwar Swamy or Amaralingeswara Swamy here. The temple is situated on the southern bank of Krishna River. The consort of Lord Amareshwar Swamy is Bala Chamundika. The Shivalinga at this place is installed and established by Lord Indra.

Vasireddy Venkatadri Naidu, King of Chintapalli and later Dharanikota, was a great devotee of Amaralingeswara. He expanded and renovated the temple. The popular legend has it that once during the course of putting down a rebellion in his land the King had to have recourse to a massacre of the Chenchus, whereupon he lost his mental peace, which he regained only when he came to Amaravati. He shifted his place from Chintapalli to Amaravati in 1796, and devoted his entire life, time and revenues to building temples to Lord Siva. He renovated the Amareswaraswamy temple here, got nine learned archakas to be brought for the daily archana of the Lord, and provided them with all the needs of livelihood, including 12 acres of land to each. The temple as it stands owes much to him.

Amaravati temple has also a wealth of inscriptions on its walls like those of the Kota chiefs of Arnaravati and of Sri Krishnadevaraya, the great Vijayanagara emperor. On a pillar in the Mukhamandapam the wife of Proli Nayudu, a Kota king, has left an inscription.

Legend:
The white Linga is quite unique and the priests have to ascend the steps for offering abhishekams. As the name Amaravati implies, legend has it that Amaravati was once the abode of the Gods – the Devas, the Yakshas and the kinnaras, who performed penances to Shiva to request him to rid the earth of the mighty demon Tarakasura. Legend has it that Shiva’s son Subramanya vanquished the demon.

It is believed that the Shivalingam that shattered Into five pieces was a huge one, and the biggest of the five pieces is a fifteen foot long column of white marble which is worshipped as Amareshwar at the Amaravati temple (this is very similar to the Shivalingam at the Draksharama temple). Legend has it that it was installed by Indra the king of the Devas, Brihaspati the guru of the Devas and Sukra the preceptor of the Asuras.

The temple of Lord Amareshwar located on the banks of river Krishna, is rich in Dravidian and Buddhist architectures. The Lingam is 15 feet high, carved out of marble. The city was named Amaravati after Indra’s capital here. Tradition says that Indra and Devas had worshipped the Lord here. Goddess Shakti is worshipped as Bala Chamundika Devi. This city is famous for its art and culture.

The Satavahanas and the Vijayanagar kings have made great contributions to this temple.

This temple constitutes one of the five Pancharama Kshetrams in Andhra Pradesh.

1) Amareshwar / Amaravana
2) Draksharama
3) Kumararama at Kotipalli (Bhimaramam at Samalkot)
4) Ksheeraramam at Palakollu
5) Somaramam at Bhimavaram (Bhimeswara temples at Bhimeswara)

Festival & Event:
The main festivals in the temple are the Mahashivaratri, which comes in the Magha Bahula Dashmi and the Navaratri and the Kalyana Utsava. Amaravati is thus an important Kshetra situated at a particularly sacred spot of the holy river Krishna and is a consecrated place of worship, of importance to both Buddhism and Hinduism.

Attractions:
Amaravati is known for its archaeological remains of the ancient Buddhist era.

How to reach:
by Road: Lord Amareshwar temple at Amaravati is 30 km from Vijayawada and 35 km from Guntur.
by Rail: This holy place is connected with major railway track of India
by Air: Hyderabad

Visit www.eTirth.com for more information on Temples, Ashrams, Gurus, Festival and Daily Panchangam (Hindu ephemeris).

If you love to read visit www.KathaVarta.org for Religious stories.

Last but not least, if you want to visit above Holy Pilgrimage, please contact and visit our associate partner www.YatraKhoj.com and e-mail at yatrakhoj@yahoo.com.
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